SUVs are horrible for pedestrian safety, but certain types of streets are bad for human beings, no matter which cars are on them. On the history of solitary confinement (with a photo from the piece, below): “The idea of the solitary cell as an integral part of the American prison system arose during the Early Republic, the specific vision of Philadelphia physician and Founding Father Benjamin Rush, who advocated for time in solitude and silence — the active, searching silence of Quakerism — as an alternative to the bodily pain, injury, and humiliation of public hangings and whippings. He saw it as a means not only of punishment but of reformation for housebreakers, forgers, highway robbers, horse thieves, and even murderers, and his vision of justice eventually led to the construction of the world’s first penitentiary, Eastern State, designed by architect John Haviland, and raised on the grounds of an old cherry orchard three miles outside of Philadelphia’s city limits.”
Hey Colin! I noticed that you’re using many graphs from other sources in your various newsletters. In case you’d like to create your own visualizations based on the data from these sources (eg in your own design), I’d be happy to help! I am a PhD student in data science in Amsterdam and have been following your work for a while and would be happy to support!